Celebrate Columbus/Indigenous Peoples' Day with Gilder Lehrman Resources

In 2021, the President declared Indigenous Peoples’ Day a federal holiday to be observed on the same day as Columbus Day. The Gilder Lehrman Institute invites everyone—students, teachers, and history enthusiasts—to visit our Columbus/Indigenous Peoples’ Day resource page in honor of this coming observance.

The Algonquian village of Secotan in present-day North Carolina, an engraving based on a 1585 drawing by John White, published in Americae pars decima, by Theodor de Bry (Oppenheimii: Typis H. Galleri, 1619). (Library of Congress Rare Book and Special Collections Division)Explore the day from many angles here and find

Spotlights and Essays

  • A Spotlight on a Primary Source Document: Secotan, an Algonquian village, ca. 1585
  • “Cultural Encounters: Teaching Exploration and Encounter to Students” by Joyce Chaplin (Harvard University)
  • “A New Era of American Indian Autonomy” by Ned Blackhawk (Yale University), History Now 9: The American West (Fall 2006)
  • “American Indians and the Transcontinental Railroad” by Elliott West (University of Arkansas), History Now 38: The Joining of the Rails: The Transcontinental Railroad (Winter 2014)
  • “Native American Discoveries of Europe” by Daniel K. Richter (University of Pennsylvania), History Now 12: The Age of Exploration (Summer 2007)

Video Lectures

Columbus’s letter printed in Latin in Rome, April 1493. (The Gilder Lehrman Institute, GLC01427)

  • “America before Columbus” by journalist Charles C. Mann
  • “Europeans and the New World, 1400–1530” by Brian DeLay (University of California, Berkeley)
  • “Nature, Culture, and Native Americans”: Daniel Wildcat, a Yuchi member of the Muscogee Nation of Oklahoma (Haskell Indian Nations University)

Lesson Plans

  • “Letter from Christopher Columbus”
  • “Murder on the Frontier: The Paxton Massacre”
  • “Native American Policy”

Find more American historical holidays to explore here.

Also, check out our relevant Self-Paced Courses: