Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Hinckley, Thomas (1618-1706) [Deed of sale of land owned by Native American Scippeag to Elisha and John Bourne]

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also order a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00469 Author/Creator: Hinckley, Thomas (1618-1706) Place Written: Colony of New Plymouth, New England Type: Document signed Date: 16 June 1685 Pagination: 1 p. : docket ; 31.6 x 39.6 cm.

Summary of Content: Serving as Royal Governor of the Colony of New Plymouth, Hinckley approves sale of Scippeag's land to the Bournes. Bassit, Marne, Timothy, and Oliver Conant sign as witnesses. Scippeag signs with his mark, an "X". The lower lefthand side of the document is missing a section of paper.

Full Transcript: Dear Doctor
I received yours this day with Captain French's petition which I will lodge in the morning with the President, conceiving this case to come within the province of ...the Executive--
I don't know where has been the greatest neglect between us but I catch at your letter as a provocation to write you-- The impost has not yet taken its complete shape, but enough of it is seen to pronounce upon it, and I am afraid there are some of its features you will not like-- Among the expected glories of the Constitution, next to the abolition of slavery was that of Rum, but molasses has shipwrecked New England virtue and we must look to a day still more distant for the promised blessing-- some hope there is however that a congressional excise will reach the distillations, if not the states must individually defend themselves against the poison. In another view Penna. need not complain of the bill, for many of her manufacturers will be tolerably well sheltered under it. To this knotty business has just succeeded another-- It has for three days past been maintained by Gerry &c. that in the removal of officers the President has Constitutionally but a divided power-- This position tending to the utter subversion of the Executive [struck: has] been combated with the utmost force of Madison and Ames, yet they still hold out against eloquence and reason and have asked another day-- I think I see however a clear majority against them.
The President has been ill for some days but is I hear better-- There are various accounts of his disorder. At first it was spoken of as bilious or aguish, now as inflamatory [sic].--
Some of the points above spoken of being fully sealed I shall then hope to see home for a short time which [3] I fervently pant after, esteeming my sojournment [sic] here as [struck: the] [inserted: a] most painful exile scarcely alleviated by a [strike out] sense of the errand I am upon. When we shall adjourn I know not, 'tho I believe many people will in a few weeks be as impatient as myself--but this uncertainty would not so much teaze [sic] me if I could have much expectation that the adjournment when it comes would be a removal too, but of this I can say nothing-- The people here presumptuously call their town the Capital, I don't suppose this folly will be suffered to last very long, the prevailing wish being to create a town for the permanent residence.-- Not having found [illegible, text loss] or any of the other Pennsylvanians so intelligent upon the [struck: subject] prospect of a Convention [inserted: as I expected]. I will be obliged to you for a line on that subject, should I not meet you in a few days.-- Tis now just midnight, and time to say how much I am your most &c.
Geo. Clymer
/Dr. Rush/
[inserted in margin: My Complts. to Mrs. Rush-- Thursday night--]

[docket:]
Dr. Benjamin Rush
a
Philadelphia
Free
GClymer

G Clymer 56
1789
See More

People: Bassitt, William, fl. 1685
Conant, Oliver, fl. 1685
Conant, Timothy, fl. 1685
Hinckley, Thomas, 1618-1706
Marne, Joseph, fl. 1685
Scippeag, fl. 1685
Bourne, Elisha, 1641-1706
Bourne, John, fl. 1685

Historical Era: Colonization and Settlement, 1585-1763

Subjects: Government and CivicsLand TransactionAmerican Indian HistoryColonization

Sub Era: Early Settlements

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources