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Washington, George (1732-1799) [Survey for distribution of land among Virginia veterans of French and Indian War]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC06346 Author/Creator: Washington, George (1732-1799) Place Written: s.l. Type: Autograph endorsement signed Date: 6 November 1772 Pagination: 2 p. ; 37.5 x 23 cm.

Crawford's survey of lands west of the Ohio and Great Kanawha Rivers. Signed by William Crawford. At the bottom, Crawford writes the names of five "sworn Chairmen and Markers." Washington adds his faded seven line autograph note on verso.

Signer of the U.S. Constitution.

In 1754, Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie issued a proclamation designed to encourage enlistment in the local militia for the war against the French. In addition to their pay, those who enlisted in Lieutenant Colonel George Washington's fledgling Virginia Regiment were offered a share in two hundred thousand acres west of the Ohio River. Unfortunately for the men who fought under Washington in the Braddock and Forbes expeditions against the enemy at Fort Duquesne, they were not to see these bounty lands for more than 20 years, during which time Washington led the struggle to secure their title. In 1769, Governor Norborne de Botetourt of Virginia at last gave him permission to seek out a qualified surveyor and to notify all claimants that surveying would proceed. Once the surveying was completed the land could be divided among the remaining Virginia Regiment veterans or their heirs. Washington arranged to have William Crawford appointed the "Surveyor of the Soldiers Land." In the fall of 1770 Washington, Crawford, and a fellow veteran named Dr. James Craik set out from Fort Pitt by canoe to explore possible sites for the bounty lands, making notes and observations as they journeyed to the junction of the Ohio and Great Kanawha Rivers and several miles up the Great Kanawha. Crawford made the survey in 1771, and the first distribution of the land came in November 1772. As a part of the acreage to which he was entitled, Washington secured three tracts on the Ohio, of 2,314 acres, 2,448 acres, and 4,395 acres. Washington created a map in 1774 from Crawford's surveys. Out of a total of over 64,000 acres apportioned on the map, approximately 30 percent was patented in Washington's name. In addition to Washington's acreage the map shows the lands surveyed and apportioned to other Virginia Regiment members, including Colonel Joshua Fry, Colonel Adam Stephen, Dr. James Craik, George Mercer, George Muse, Colonel Andrew Lewis, Captain Peter Hog, Jacob Van Braam, and Jonathan West.

6th. day of November 1772
In consequence of a Proclamation dated at Williamsburg the 19th day of February 1754, and Pursuant to a subsequent Order of Council of the 15th of December 1769, I have Surveyed the following Tract of Land as part of the 100000 Acres Granted by Said Proclamation for the use of the Officers and Soldiers therin Mentioned.
Beginning at a large Sycamore and small Shuger Tree Marked GW standing on the point Just at the Mouth of the Great Kankawa (upper side thereof) and Extending up the Kankawa According to the Several Courses & Meanders thereof, and bending therewith, S 83 W 66 poles, S 52 E 172 poles, S 47 E 82 poles Crossing a Creek; S 40 E 196 poles, S 50 E 34 poles. 100 small trees S 65 E 10 poles, S 80 E 76 poles, S 73 E 266 poles to a small Bush of shuger tree standing on the bank of the River, at the Lower side of the Mouth of a small Creek; Thence leaving the Kankawa and Extending N 20 E (Crossing the Creek at 16 poles, and other waters at 168 poles, 194, and 312 Po) 324 poles to a shuger tree at the bank of [inserted: ye] aforementioned Creek; Thence S 70 E 398 poles (Crossing waters at 100, 118, 160, and 308 [inserted: poles]) to two White Oaks on the side of a Hill, Thence N 20 E [inserted: 92] poles to a Spanish Oak and Small Hickory on the side of a Hill; Thence East 256 poles (Crossing Water 36 poles) to a large White Oak and small Hickory on the Top of a hill; Thence N 20 E 760 poles (Crossing Water at 62 poles, 240 poles, 466 poles, and 554 poles) to a Hickory and Small White Oak on a Ridge; Thence West 240 poles to a White Oak and Black Oak by a Ridge; Thence North 164 poles (Crossing Water at 86 poles) to a shuger Tree and Spanish Oak standing on the North side of a Run; Thence N 60 E 66 poles to a shuger tree and Black gum on the bank of a Run; Thence North down the said run 67 poles to [inserted: a] Shuger tree; Thence N 20 E 1040 poles (at 314 poles came to a Run which was Crossed at 332; 340, 454, 460, 470, 552, and 560 poles, also Crosed a Branch of said Run at 870 poles) to a Spanish Oak and small White Oak on a Ridge; Thence S 87 E 1660 poles to Three Beach Trees and a Spanish Oak on the bank of the Ohio, About a Mile below the Rapid in the great bend; Thence down the River According to the Several Meanders thereof, and bending therewith, N 40 E (Crossing Water at 160 poles) 331 poles; N 25 E 50 poles, N 10 E 72 poles, N 14 W 112 poles, N 30 W 166 poles, N 33 W 88 poles, N 40 W 24 poles, N 22 W 84 poles, N 25 W (Crossing a Run at 30 poles) 64 poles; N 21 W 156 poles, N 25 W 128 poles, N 35 W 90 poles, N 56 W 84 poles, N 21 W 284 poles, N 42 W 90 poles, N 69 W 266 poles, S 80 W 80 poles, S 65 W (Crossing a Run at 50 poles, and a Creek at 80 poles) 116 poles; S 72 W 108 poles, N 88 W 90 poles to a Shuger tree standing Near the Lower end of the bottom; Thence still down the River, and bending therewith N 83 W 14 poles, N 60 W 56 poles, N 40 W 30 poles, N 15 W (20 [inserted: poles] a place where the Earth and Trees has sliped from the hill into the River) 100 poles, N 8 W 44 poles, N 30 W (30 poles to a drain) 66 poles, N 10 W 88 poles, N 28 W (38 poles to a Run) 44 poles to a Hoopwood, and two Shuger Trees Standing in a point a little below a Run, and near [inserted: cared over] [2] <loss> upper end of the bottom; Thence still down the River, and bending therewith, N 25 W 180 poles, N 47 W 104 poles, N 20 W 38 poles, N 50 W 150 poles, N 65 W 60 poles, West (90 poles to water) 100 poles, S 83 W 107 poles, S 75 W (Crossing water at 26 poles) 78 poles, S 68 W 30 poles, S 55 W (Crossing water at 24 poles) 132 poles; S 40 W 48 poles, S 20 W 70 poles, S 5 W 52 poles, S 10 W 60 poles, S 20 W 19 poles to 2 large Sycamores and Elm [inserted: Tree] Standing on the River bank towards the Lower end of the bottom; Thence still with the Meanders of the River, and bending therewith S 13 W 44 poles, S 2 W 40 poles, S 21 W 36 poles, S 12 W 44 poles, S 26 W (80 poles to a drain) 86 poles, S 38 W 40 poles, S 50 W (22 poles to a Drain) 50 poles, S 35 W 28 poles, S 54 W (32 poles to a drain) 50 poles to a bole hill on fire; S 51 W 96 poles, <?> S 45 W (90 poles to a Drain) 104 poles; S 58 W 98 poles, S 70 W 96 poles, S 58 Wt. 180 poles, S 50 W 52 poles to a large Sycamore standing on the River bank, a little way in the next bottom, and about three Quarters of a mile Above a small Creek; the Corses Continue down the River S 40 W 106 poles, S 20 W 50 poles, S 15 W 280 poles (Crossing the Last mentioned Creek at 88 poles) S 30 W 146 poles, S 20 W 100 poles, South 30 poles, S 10 E 60 poles, & S 28 W 250 poles, S 15 W 140 poles ( Crossing Water at 6//0) S 25 W 40 poles, S 40 W 110 poles ( Crossing Water at 30 poles) S 30 W 66 poles; S 10 W 44 poles, S 20 E 58 poles, S 15 W 32 poles, S 35 W 36 poles, S 79 W 40 poles, S 60 W 60 poles, S 53 W 24 poles, S 40 W 46 poles, S 55 W 42 poles, S 43 W 60 poles, S 54 W 82 poles, S 32 W 148 poles, S 43 W 34 poles, S 21 W 32 poles, S 6 W 136 poles, S 7 E 126 poles, S 17 E 48 poles, S 31 E 50 poles, S 15 E 80 poles, to a Creek calld. Town Creek, S 5 W 10 poles Crossing the same at the Old Shawnee Town, S 15 E 100 poles, S 5 E 120 poles, S 15 W 40 poles, South 146 poles, S 10 W 160 poles (Crossing water at 86 poles) South 40 poles, S 10 W 90 poles, S 15 W 24 poles to the Beginning Sycamore and Shuger Tree at the Junction of the Great Kankawa with this River Containing Fifty one thousand, three hundred, and two Acres; -
W Crawford. Surv.
of the Officers and Soldiers
Land June 1771 -
John Custard
George Cox
William Jackson
Marcus Hardin
Jacb Reese }Sworen Chain men and Markers

[inserted in G. Washington's hand]

By an Order of Council bearing date the 6th. Day of November 1772, this Survey of 57,302 Acres of Land is ( as will appear by Reference to the said Order) to be Patented in the names of Colo. George Muse, Colo. Adam Stephen, Colo. Andrew Lewis, Captn.Peter Flog, Mr. Jno. West, Lieutenant John Polson, and Mr. Andrew Wagener.
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