Title: 5 World War I posters
At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.
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Title: Oroonoko advertisement
This item is a mounted broadside advertisement for the play Oroonoko; or the Royal slave at the Theatre Royal. It lists the actors in each part for the February 20, 1818 show. It also notes that after Oroonoko the Forest of Bondy; or the Dog of Montargis will be shown.
4 May 1493
Alexander VI, Pope (1431-1503)
Title: [Demarcation bull, granting Spain possession of lands discovered by Columbus]
Broadside entitled "Copia de la bula del decreto y concession q[ue] hizo el papa / Alexandro sexto al Rey y la Reyna nuestros senores de las Indias conforme al capitu." Unique copy of second version possibly printed at Valladolio, by Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba. Title in Spanish and text in Latin.
27 February 1690
Charles Bill & Thomas Newcomb, fl. 1690
Title: By the King and Queen, a proclamation requiring all seamen and mariners to render themselves to their Majesties service.
All officials are to support this and they are to give over the names of those seamen and mariners who continue to shirk service. Printed in London by Charles Bill and Thomas Newcomb.
Title: Queen's Council on behalf of Nicholas Bayard and John Hutchins
Nicholas Bayard and John Hutchins were previously sentenced to death for the charges of treason and misdemeanor. At this session of the Queen's Council, the accused were granted impunity.
Law, John (fl. ca. 1720)
Title: Missisippi of 'T Wydbefaamde goudland [Dutch] [Wonderful Land of Mississippi]
With engraved scene depicting Europeans trading gold with the Indians on the banks of the Mississippi. Publicizing settling in America. Written in Dutch. (The translation in the title here comes from the first line: "Dit 's 't wond're Missisippi Land / Besaamd door zynen Actiehandel, ....") The Mississippi "bubble" began in 1717 with the Company of the West, whose stock was driven up by speculators expecting gold and other wealth in Louisiana. The Company's collapse in 1720 involved French investors in difficulties similar to the British South Sea Bubble. From "Het Groot Verhaal".…
Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790)
Title: Postscript to the Pennsylvania Gazette
The "Dear Ned" political allegory printed by Benjamin Franklin. An interesting letter, full of allegory, which speaks of injustices and deceptions but not specifically alluding to particular individuals.
Title: Christian Discipline: Certain Good and Wholesome Orders, for the Well-Governing of My Family,in a right Christian Conversation, as becometh the Children of the Light and Truth, in the Most Hight GOD. Divided Into Two Parts.
First page contains guidelines for a religious household, as originally printed by William Penn. Reprint of original by Josiah Forster in 1751. Bible verses act as bookends on the top and bottom of William Penn's type. Note from Forster at the bottom explains the copying of Penn's words. Second page was formerly adhered to the back of Penn document, removed by conservator. It is a blank certificate meant to note the occurrence of a Quaker meeting.
DeLancey, James (fl. 1757-1760)
Title: Proclamation concerning riotous proceedings
The proclamation describes a recent incident in which the tenants on the Manor of Livingston rioted in protest of the Livingston's claim to the land. As a result, a number of the tenants were shot in defense of the Manor, and Governor DeLancey therefore issued a proclamation to advise against any further uprisings.
Bernard, Francis (1712-1779)
Title: Francis Bernard, Esq.; Captain-General and Governor in Chief, in and over His Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New England, and Vice-Admiral of the same. A Proclamation for a general Fast.
A proclamation in the name of Francis Bernard, Governor of Massachusetts Bay, which announces a day of fasting during the French & Indian War. The top of the document is marked with a printed Royal engraving that contains the notation "Dieu et Mondroit", meaning 'God and my right'. The engraving recognizes King George III and his divine right. The document was printed in Boston by John Draper. On verso there is a handwriten note "Fast April 22, 1761" in the upper right corner.
Colden, Cadwallader (1688-1776)
Title: Proclamation against riotous proceedings
As a result of numerous attempts to dispossess Robert Livingston, Jr. of his rightfully-owned Manor, Governor Colden issued this proclamation to advise citizens to desist from further riotous proceedings, or face legal action.
George III, King of Great Britain (1738-1820)
Title: A Proclamation.
The proclamation establishes colonial rule over former French and Spanish possessions in Canada, Florida, Grenada and other areas; it offers tolerance to Roman Catholics; it calls for governments and assemblies like those in existing colonies and recognizes the rights and land ownership of Indian tribes. One of nine known surviving copies. References: Clarence Brigham, British royal proclamations relating to America, 1603-1783; Clements Sale 1996 lot 223. Nine copies are known to survive.
McDougall, Alexander (1732-1786)
Title: To the free and loyal inhabitants... [Defense of non-importation agreements]
A short printed letter defending the non-importation agreements against Tory merchants. Signed "Brutus" but attributed to Alexander McDougall, because the manuscript was found in his personal papers. Evans 11588. Schlesinger's Colonial Merchants p. 220, Stokes's Iconography of Manhattan 4: 180.
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