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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

The 5 Nations Answer to the proposition of Governor Hunter

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03107.02128 Author/Creator: The 5 Nations Place Written: Albany, New York Type: Manuscript document Date: 1717/06/14 Pagination: 3p. + docket 30.7 x 19.7 cm

The 5 Nations thank the Governor for his assurance of good will and protection, and agree to maintain the covenant with the English. However, they note that if the English should attack another Indian nation out of malice, then the 5 Nations would have to thoughtfully consider any decision to ally themselves with the English. The Governor then presents the 5 Nations with gifts.

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