Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Kelley, Benjamin Franklin (1807-1891) to Eliakim P. Scammon

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also order a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC01903 Author/Creator: Kelley, Benjamin Franklin (1807-1891) Place Written: Clarksburg, Virginia Type: Manuscript telegram Date: 5 July 1863 Pagination: 1 p. : docket ; 22 x 14 cm.

Summary of Content: States that Union General Henry W. Halleck reported that the captured dispatches between Confederate President Jefferson Davis and General Robert E. Lee shows that there is no rebel force left between Lee's Army and Richmond, Virginia. Orders that Scammon "...at once organize a force and send it to cut the Virginia and Tennesse Rail Road." Advises to use his judgment as to the best point to do this and to send a reliable officer to command. U.S. Military Telegraph marked "Cifer," [Cypher] on front. Recipient's copy. Docketed by Scammon. Kelley signs as Brigadier General. Written the day after Gettysburg.

Background Information: Scammon was commissioned colonel of the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry in June 1861. He was promoted to brigadier general October 15, 1862 and commanded the District of Kanawha until February 3, 1864 when he was ...captured and held as a prisoner of war until August 3, 1864. In the last months of the war, he commanded the District of Florida.See More

People: Kelley, Benjamin Franklin, 1807-1891
Scammon, Eliakim Parker, 1816-1894

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: Civil WarMilitary HistoryTelegraphConfederate General or LeaderConfederate States of AmericaUnion ForcesUnion GeneralRailroadCodes and SignalsBattleBattle of Gettysburg

Sub Era: The American Civil War

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources