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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Radical Political Abolitionists. Convention (1855 : Syracuse, N.Y.) Abolition documents. Number one. Principles and measures.

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04717.22 Author/Creator: Radical Political Abolitionists. Convention (1855 : Syracuse, N.Y.) Place Written: Syracuse, New York Type: Printed document Date: 28 June 1855 Pagination: 2 p. ; 23.4 x 14.5 cm.

Created at the convention from 26-28 June. The abolitionists declare, "We...maintain that there can be no legitimate civil government, rightfully claiming support and allegiance as such, that is not authorized, nay, that is not morally and politically bound, to prohibit and suppress slaveholding."

John Brown, Gerrit Smith, Frederick Douglass, and James McCune Smith were key figures in the June 1855 Radical Political Abolitionist convention.

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