Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Bartlett, Josiah (1729-1795) to William Whipple

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00369 Author/Creator: Bartlett, Josiah (1729-1795) Place Written: Exeter, New Hampshire Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 15 March 1777 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Written by Bartlett, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, as a colonel in New Hampshire militia to Whipple, also a signer of the Declaration of Independence, as a Continental Congressman from New Hampshire. Congress, and therefore Whipple, was in Baltimore due to the occupation of Philadelphia. Signed by Bartlett three times: once at the end of the letter and twice with initials after two extended postscripts. Thanks him for his letter of 7 February 1777. Writes that people are anxious to buy lottery tickets. Says "our 3 Regiments" are to march to "Ti-" - Fort Ticonderoga. Says New Hampshire needs to approve an additional bounty to fill the regiments. Mentions rumors of British mercenaries hired from Russia and Wirtenburg arriving by the summer. Says "I can't yet believe that F. & S. and Prussia &c will lay still & see G. Britain employ Russians, Hessians & the lord knows who to subdue us." Mentions worries about the South. Relays concerns over counterfeiting. First postscript says stores have been sent to Ticonderoga and asks about developments in the South. Says his health is better than it was when he left Philadelphia but it will keep him from attending Congress this summer. Second postscript thanks him for his letter of 16 February 1777 and its inclusion of the Lee letter to Congress. Says he fears the determined resolutions of Congress not to hold any peace conferences with Great Britain might disaffect many people. Speaks of advantages of at least talking about peace.

People: Bartlett, Josiah, 1729-1795.

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Keywords/Subjects: Revolutionary War, Military History, Finance, Economics, Soldier's Pay, Recruitment, Continental Army, Continental Congress, Congress, Fort Ticonderoga, Lottery, Global History and US Foreign Policy, Global History and US Foreign Policy, Counterfeiting, Government and Civics, Hessians

Sub Era: The War for Independence